Energy-Efficient Processing of Spatio-Temporal Queries in Wireless Sensor Networks (Extended Version)
Research on Moving Object Databases (MOD) has resulted in sophisticated query mechanisms for moving objects and regions. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) support a wide range of applications that track or monitor moving objects. However, applying the concepts of MOD to WSN is difficult: While MOD tend to require precise object positions, the information acquired in WSN may be incomplete or inaccurate. This may be because of limited detection ranges, node failures or detection mechanisms that only determine if an object is in the vicinity of a node, but not its exact position. In this paper, we study the processing of spatio-temporal queries in WSN. First, we adapt the models used in MOD to WSN while keeping their semantical depth. Second, we propose two approaches for processing such queries in WSN in-network instead of collecting all data at the base station.Based on a model that estimates communication costs of these strategies, nodes can determine the most energy-efficient strategy. Compared to collecting all data at the base station, our approaches reduce communication by up to 89%.