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Statistical Selection of Relevant Subspace Projections for Outlier Ranking

Statistical Selection of Relevant Subspace Projections for Outlier Ranking
Autor: Emmanuel Müller, Matthias Schiffer and Thomas Seidl
Quelle: Proceedings of the IEEE 27th International Conference on Data Engineering (ICDE 2011), Hannover, Germany

 

Outlier mining is an important data analysis task to distinguish exceptional outliers from regular objects. For outlier mining in the full data space, there are well established methods which are successful in measuring the degree of deviation for outlier ranking. However, in recent applications traditional outlier mining approaches miss outliers as they are hidden in subspace projections. Especially, outlier ranking approaches measuring deviation on all available attributes miss outliers deviating from their local neighborhood only in subsets of the attributes.

In this work, we propose a novel outlier ranking based on the object’s deviation in a statistically selected set of relevant subspace projections. This ensures to find objects deviating in multiple relevant subspaces, while it excludes irrelevant projections showing no clear contrast between outliers and the residual objects. Thus, we tackle the general challenges of detecting outliers hidden in subspaces of the data. We provide a selection of subspaces with high contrast and propose a novel ranking based on an adaptive degree of deviation in arbitrary subspaces. In thorough experiments on real and synthetic data we show that our approach outperforms competing outlier ranking approaches by detecting outliers in arbitrary subspace projections.

 

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